Lead-radium dating of orange roughy (Hoplostethus atlanticus): Validation of a centenarian life span

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Andrews, A. H., Tracey, D. M., & Dunn, M. R. (2009). Lead-radium dating of orange roughy (Hoplostethus atlanticus): Validation of a centenarian life span. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 66(7), 1130-1140. doi:10.1139/F09-059
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TitleLead-radium dating of orange roughy (Hoplostethus atlanticus): Validation of a centenarian life span
AuthorsH. Andrews, M. Tracey, R. Dunn
AbstractLife-span estimates for orange roughy (Hoplostethus atlanticus) range from ∼20 years to well over 100 years. In this study, an improved lead-radium dating technique provided independent age estimates from sagittal otoliths. This technique used the known properties of radioactivity for lead-210 and radium-226 to determine the validity of fish age estimates. An improvement to lead-radium dating using mass spectrometry allowed the use of smaller samples than previously possible; therefore, an application was made to otolith cores, the first few years of otolith growth. This approach circumvented the use of whole otoliths and alleviated many of the assumptions that were necessary in previous lead-radium dating applications. Hence, it was possible to critically evaluate lead-radium dating as a tool in fish age validation. The measurement of lead-radium ratios for a series of age groups that consisted of otolith cores, grouped based on growth-zone counts from thin sections, showed a high degree of correlation to the expected lead-radium ingrowth curve. This finding provided support for age estimation procedures using thin otolith sectioning. As independent estimates of age, the results indicated that fish in the oldest age group were at least 93 years old, providing robust support for a centenarian life span.
JournalCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Date2009
Start page1130
End page1140
ISSN0706652X
Subjectsage determination, dating method, lead, mass spectrometry, otolith, radioactivity, radium, teleost, Hoplostethus atlanticus
NoteCited By (since 1996):14, CODEN: CJFSD

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