Entanglements of marine mammals and seabirds in central California and the north-west coast of the United States 2001-2005

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Moore, E., Lyday, S., Roletto, J., Litle, K., Parrish, J. K., Nevins, H., … Kell, S. (2009). Entanglements of marine mammals and seabirds in central California and the north-west coast of the United States 2001-2005. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 58(7), 1045-1051. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.02.006
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TitleEntanglements of marine mammals and seabirds in central California and the north-west coast of the United States 2001-2005
AuthorsE. Moore, S. Lyday, J. Roletto, K. Litle, J. Parrish, H. Nevins, J. Harvey, J. Mortenson, D. Greig, M. Piazza, A. Hermance, D. Lee, D. Adams, S. Allen, S. Kell
AbstractEntanglement records for seabirds and marine mammals were investigated for the period 2001-2005. The entanglement records were extracted from databases maintained by seven organizations operating along the west coast of the United States of America. Their programmes included beach monitoring surveys, rescue and rehabilitation and regional pinniped censuses. Records of 454 entanglements were documented in live animals and in carcasses for 31 bird species and nine marine mammal species. The most frequently entangled species were Common Murres, Western Gulls and California sea lions. The entanglement materials identified were primarily fishing related. Entanglements were recorded every year suggesting that although the incidence level differs annually, entanglement is a persistent problem. It is recommended that each programme records details in standardized categories to determine entanglement material sources. Numbers of entanglements observed during these surveys are likely to be a conservative view of the actual entanglement rate taking place at sea. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Date2009
Volume58
Issue7
Start page1045
End page1051
ISSN0025-326X
SubjectsEntanglement, Fishing gear, Marie debris, Marine mammals, Seabirds, West Coast of the United States, Birds, Debris, Fisheries, Landforms, Surveys, Underwater structures, Mammals, biomonitoring, database, marine mammal, observational method, seabird, article, environmental impact, environmental monitoring, female, fishing, male, nonhuman, sea pollution, United States, water pollutant, Animals, Bathing Beaches, California, Northwestern United States, Otters, Pinnipedia, Rescue Work, Whales, North America, Pacific Coast [North America], Pacific Coast [United States], Animalia, Aves, Larus occidentalis, Mammalia, Uria aalge, Zalophus
NoteCited By (since 1996):9, Marine Mammals, Birds & Turtles, CODEN: MPNBA

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