Temporal variation in the artisanal elasmobranch fishery of Sonora, Mexico

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Bizzarro, J. J., Smith, W. D., Márquez-Farías, J. F., Tyminski, J., & Hueter, R. E. (2009). Temporal variation in the artisanal elasmobranch fishery of Sonora, Mexico. Fisheries Research, 97(1), 103-117. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2009.01.009
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TitleTemporal variation in the artisanal elasmobranch fishery of Sonora, Mexico
AuthorsJ. Bizzarro, W. Smith, J. Márquez-Farías, J. Tyminski, R. Hueter
AbstractBaseline, species-specific information is largely unavailable for artisanal elasmobranch fisheries, but is essential for the monitoring of exploited populations and the development of effective management plans. Seasonal surveys were conducted during 1998-1999 in Sonora, Mexico to determine the extent and activities of artisanal elasmobranch fisheries operating in the eastern Gulf of California. Nineteen fishing sites were documented, the majority of which (84.2%) targeted elasmobranchs during some part of the year. Most small demersal sharks and rays were landed in bottom set gillnet fisheries that also targeted demersal teleosts, whereas large sharks were usually taken in directed surface longline or, to a lesser extent, drift gillnet fisheries. Rays numerically dominated sampled landings in Sonora (63.4%, n = 100,136), and catch rates exceeded those of sharks during spring and summer months. The shovelnose guitarfish, Rhinobatos productus, was the primary fishery target during these seasons. During autumn, small sharks, especially mustelids (Mustelus spp.) were numerically dominant, but rays (e.g., Dasyatis dipterura) were also caught in large numbers. Winter landings in Sonora were principally composed of mustelid sharks, which represented the greatest seasonal catch rates of all elasmobranch taxa during this study. Large sharks were of comparably minor importance, with a limited summer fishery operating in the southern part of the state. Variation in catch composition was evident in association with differential interannual environmental conditions (El Niño and La Niña) and seasonal temperature fluctuations. Size composition of landings varied greatly by species, but relatively small size classes of sharks and rays were abundant and large, often gravid females of several ray species (e.g., R. productus and Narcine entemedor) supported spring and summer fisheries in nearshore waters. Populations of many large shark species (e.g., Carcharhinus leucas, Carcharhinus limbatus, Carcharhinus obscurus and Galeocerdo cuvier) have likely been overfished, prompting a shift in effort towards coastal populations of smaller elasmobranchs. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
JournalFisheries Research
Date2009
Volume97
Issue1-2
Start page103
End page117
ISSN0165-7836
SubjectsCarcharhinus leucas, Carcharhinus limbatus, Carcharhinus obscurus, Chondrichthyes, Dasyatis dipterura, Elasmobranchii, Galeocerdo cuvier, Mustelidae, Mustelus, Narcine, Rhinobatos productus, Teleostei
NoteCited By (since 1996):13, Fish and Fisheries, CODEN: FISRD

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