Artisanal fisheries and reproductive biology of the golden cownose ray, Rhinoptera steindachneri Evermann and Jenkins, 1891, in the northern Mexican Pacific

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Bizzarro, J. J., Smith, W. D., Márquez-Farías, J. F., & Hueter, R. E. (2007). Artisanal fisheries and reproductive biology of the golden cownose ray, Rhinoptera steindachneri Evermann and Jenkins, 1891, in the northern Mexican Pacific. Fisheries Research, 84(2), 137-146. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2006.10.016
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TitleArtisanal fisheries and reproductive biology of the golden cownose ray, Rhinoptera steindachneri Evermann and Jenkins, 1891, in the northern Mexican Pacific
AuthorsJ. Bizzarro, W. Smith, J. Márquez-Farías, R. Hueter
AbstractThe golden cownose ray, Rhinoptera steindachneri, was one of the most abundant species landed in artisanal elasmobranch fisheries in the northern Gulf of California (Baja California and Sonora) and Bahía Almejas, Mexico during 1998-1999. In the northern Gulf of California, R. steindachneri was most frequently observed during summer months (11.4% of elasmobranch landings, catch per unit effort (CPUE) = 6.8 individuals/vessel trip) and was rare during winter (0.1%, CPUE = 0.1). In Bahía Almejas, its relative abundance was greater during August (5.2%) than June (0.3%), a trend also evident in CPUE (August = 1.2, June = 0.1). The mean size of R. steindachneri landed in the Gulf of California was 64.3 ± 12.8 (S.D.) cm disc width (DW). Median size at maturity for Gulf of California specimens was similar for females (70.2 cm DW) and males (69.9 cm DW). Fecundity was found to be one offspring per female, with parturition estimated to occur from late June-August. Size at birth was estimated at 38-45 cm DW after a gestation period of approximately 11-12 months. Greater maximum sizes (to 104 cm DW) and embryo sizes (to 43 cm DW) were observed in Bahía Almejas. The large size at maturity, low fecundity, and long gestation period determined for R. steindachneri indicate that this species could be particularly susceptible to overexploitation. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
JournalFisheries Research
Date2007
Volume84
Issue2
Start page137
End page146
ISSN0165-7836
SubjectsRhinoptera steindachneri, Rhinopterinae
NoteCited By (since 1996):20, Fish and Fisheries, CODEN: FISRD

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