Mesoscale iron enrichment experiments 1993-2005

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Boyd, P. W., Jickells, T., Law, C. S., Blain, S., Boyle, E. A., Buesseler, K. O., … Watson, A. J. (2007). Mesoscale iron enrichment experiments 1993-2005: Synthesis and future directions. Science, 315(5812), 612-617. doi:10.1126/science.1131669
TitleMesoscale iron enrichment experiments 1993-2005
AuthorsW. Boyd, T. Jickells, S. Law, S. Blain, A. Boyle, O. Buesseler, H. Coale, J. Cullen, W. De Baar, M. Follows, M. Harvey, C. Lancelot, M. Levasseur, J. Owens, R. Pollard, B. Rivkin, J. Sarmiento, V. Schoemann, V. Smetacek, S. Takeda, A. Tsuda, S. Turner, J. Watson
AbstractSince the mid-1980s, our understanding of nutrient limitation of oceanic primary production has radically changed. Mesoscale iron addition experiments (FeAXs) have unequivocally shown that iron supply limits production in one-third of the world ocean, where surface macronutrient concentrations are perennially high. The findings of these 12 FeAXs also reveal that iron supply exerts controls on the dynamics of plankton blooms, which in turn affect the biogeochemical cycles of carbon, nitrogen, silicon, and sulfur and ultimately influence the Earth climate system. However, extrapolation of the key results of FeAXs to regional and seasonal scales in some cases is limited because of differing modes of iron supply in FeAXs and in the modern and paleo-oceans. New research directions include quantification of the coupling of oceanic iron and carbon biogeochemistry.
Start page612
End page617
Subjectscarbon dioxide, chlorophyll, iron, sea water, atmosphere-ocean coupling, biogeochemical cycle, climate effect, nutrient enrichment, nutrient limitation, bioavailability, ecology, food web, global climate, growth rate, nonhuman, nutrient, oceanic regions, phytoplankton, priority journal, review, season, temperature, Animals, Atmosphere, Carbon, Climate, Diatoms, Ecosystem, Oceans and Seas, Seawater, Zooplankton
NoteCited By (since 1996):367, CODEN: SCIEA