Reproduction, diet and habitat use of leopard sharks, Triakis semifasciata (Girard), in Humboldt Bay, California, USA

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Ebert, D. A., & Ebert, T. B. (2005). Reproduction, diet and habitat use of leopard sharks, Triakis semifasciata (Girard), in Humboldt Bay, California, USA. Marine and Freshwater Research, 56(8), 1089-1098. doi:10.1071/MF05069
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TitleReproduction, diet and habitat use of leopard sharks, Triakis semifasciata (Girard), in Humboldt Bay, California, USA
AuthorsA. Ebert, B. Ebert
AbstractA total of 312 female leopard sharks (Triakis semifasciata) was sampled in Humboldt Bay, California, USA, an important nursery ground for this species, during the spring month of May from 1983 to 1984 and 1985. Sexual segregation is strong as only three males were observed in the study area. Females ranged in size from 120 to 154 cm total length, and all examined were determined to be mature. Overall, 130 out of 153 females examined in early May contained term embryos. The number of embryos per female ranged from 1 to 37 with larger females tending to possess more embryos. Of the 159 individuals examined in late May, no females were found carrying embryos and most were ovulating. Diet analyses revealed that, overall, fish eggs (Atherinopsis californiensis) at 48.0%, had the highest percentage Index of Relative Importance (%IRI), followed by the cancrid crabs, Cancer antennarius (29.8%) and C. magister (11.6%). All other prey were of relatively minor importance, cumulatively representing 10.6% of the overall diet. Adults shift their diet after parturition: early May sharks fed almost exclusively on fish eggs, while crabs were more important in those examined in late May. © CSIRO 2005.
JournalMarine and Freshwater Research
Date2005
Volume56
Issue8
Start page1089
End page1098
ISSN13231650
Subjectsdiet, feeding behavior, habitat use, nursery ground, shark, California, Humboldt Bay, North America, United States, Western Hemisphere, World, Atherinopsis californiensis, Cancer (crustacean), Cancer antennarius, Cancer magister, Cancridae, Chondrichthyes, Decapoda (Crustacea), Felidae, Triakis, Triakis semifasciata
NoteCited By (since 1996):18, CODEN: AJMFA

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