Antibodies to phocine herpesvirus-1 are common in North American harbor seals (Phoca Vitulina)

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Goldstein, T., Gulland, F. M. D., Aldridge, B. M., Harvey, J. T., Rowles, T., Lambourn, D. M., … Mazet, J. A. K. (2003). Antibodies to phocine herpesvirus-1 are common in North American harbor seals (Phoca Vitulina). Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 39(3), 487-494.
TitleAntibodies to phocine herpesvirus-1 are common in North American harbor seals (Phoca Vitulina)
AuthorsT. Goldstein, F. Gulland, B. Aldridge, J. Harvey, T. Rowles, D. Lambourn, S. Jeffries, L. Measures, P. Yochem, B. Stewart, R. Small, D. King, J. Stott, J. Mazet
AbstractPhocine herpesvirus-1 (PhHV-1) has been associated with morbidity and high mortality in neonatal harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) along the Pacific coast of California (USA) and in northern Europe. Seals dying with PhHV-1 associated disease in California primarily have histopathologic evidence of adrenal necrosis or adrenalitis with herpesviral inclusion bodies. Little is known about prevalence of exposure to PhHV-1, modes of disease transmission, and viral pathogenesis in free-ranging harbor seal populations. To evaluate the prevalence in North America, 866 serum samples collected between 1994 and 2002 from harbor seals captured or stranded on the Pacific and Atlantic coasts of North America were assayed by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for evidence of PhHV-1 exposure. Samples from three harbor seal age classes (pre-weaned, weaned, and subadults/adults) were obtained from each of four regions to compare exposure among sex, age class, and region. We found increasing prevalence with age as 37.5% of pre-weaned pups, 87.6% of weaned pups, and 99.0% of subadults and adults were seropositive. When accounting for age, no associations between seropositivity and sex or location of harbor seals were detected. These data indicate that PhHV-1 is endemic in the harbor seal populations of North America. © Wildlife Disease Association 2003.
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Start page487
End page494
Subjectsvirus antibody, age, animal, animal disease, article, blood, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, epidemiology, female, Herpes virus infection, immunology, isolation and purification, male, newborn, North America, Phoca, suckling, Varicella zoster virus, virology, Age Factors, Animals, Animals, Newborn, Animals, Suckling, Antibodies, Viral, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Herpesviridae Infections, Seals, Earless, Seroepidemiologic Studies, Varicellovirus, Herpesviridae, Human herpesvirus 1, Phoca vitulina, Phocid herpesvirus 1, Phocidae, Simplexvirus
NoteCited By (since 1996):7, Marine Mammals, Birds & Turtles