Evolution of Macrocystis spp. (Phaeophyceae) as determined by ITS1 and ITS2 sequences

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Coyer, J. A., Smith, G. J., & Andersen, R. A. (2001). Evolution of Macrocystis spp. (Phaeophyceae) as determined by ITS1 and ITS2 sequences. Journal of Phycology, 37(4), 574-585. doi:10.1046/j.1529-8817.2001.037001574.x
TitleEvolution of Macrocystis spp. (Phaeophyceae) as determined by ITS1 and ITS2 sequences
AuthorsJ. Coyer, G. Smith, R. Andersen
AbstractMacrocystis (Lessoniaceae) displays an antitropical distribution, occurring in temperate subtidal regions along western North America in the northern hemisphere and throughout the southern hemisphere. We used the noncoding rDNA internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS1 and ITS2) to examine relatedness among (1) Macrocystis and several genera of Laminariales, (2) four species of Macrocystis (M. integrifolia Bory from the northern hemisphere, M. angustifolia Bory and M. laevis Hay from the southern hemisphere, and M. pyrifera [L.] C. Ag. from both hemispheres), and (3) multiple clones of several individuals. Of the taxa included in our phylogenetic analysis, the elk kelp, Pelagophycus porra (Lem.) Setch., was the sister taxon to Macrocystis spp. Macrocystis individuals from the southern hemisphere (representing three species) formed a strongly to moderately supported clade, respectively, when the ITS1 and ITS2 sequences were analyzed separately. No distinction was detected between the two species in the northern hemisphere. Thus, Macrocystis may be a monospecific genus (M. pyrifera). A northern-hemisphere-to-southern-hemisphere pattern of dispersal was inferred, because northern-hemisphere individuals were more diverse and displayed paraphyletic clades, whereas southern-hemisphere individuals were less diverse and formed a monophyletic clade. High intraindividual variation in ITS1 sequences was observed in one individual from Santa Catalina Island (CA), suggesting very recent and rapid mixing of genotypes from areas to the north and Baja California (Mexico) or introgressive hybridization with Pelagophycus.
JournalJournal of Phycology
Start page574
End page585
Subjectsgenetic diversity, genotype, hybridization, internal transcribed spacer, molecular evolution, monophyly, North America, paraphyly, phylogenetic analysis, ribosome DNA, spatial distribution, brown alga, evolution, phylogenetics, algae, Anisotremus taeniatus, Cervus elaphus, Costaria, Eukaryota, Laminaria, Laminariales, Macrocystis, Macrocystis angustifolia, Macrocystis integrifolia, Macrocystis laevis, Macrocystis pyrifera, Nereocystis, Pelagophycus, Pelagophycus porra, Phaeophyceae
NoteCited By (since 1996):67, Seaweeds, CODEN: JPYLA