Cytometric quantification of nitrate reductase by immunolabeling in the marine diatom Skeletonema costatum

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Jochem, F. J., Smith, G. J., Gao, Y., Zimmerman, R. C., Cabello-Pasini, A., Kohrs, D. G., & Alberte, R. S. (2000). Cytometric quantification of nitrate reductase by immunolabeling in the marine diatom Skeletonema costatum. Cytometry, 39(3), 173-178. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0320(20000301)39:3<173::AID-CYTO1>3.0.CO;2-R
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TitleCytometric quantification of nitrate reductase by immunolabeling in the marine diatom Skeletonema costatum
AuthorsJ. Jochem, J. Smith, Y. Gao, C. Zimmerman, A. Cabello-Pasini, G. Kohrs, S. Alberte
AbstractBackground: The uptake of nitrate by phytoplankton is a central issue in biological oceanography due to its importance to primary production and vertical flux of biogenic carbon. Nitrate reductase catalyzes the first step of nitrate assimilation, the reduction of NO'3 to NO 2. A cytometric protocol to detect and quantify relative changes in nitrate reductase (NR) protein content of the marine centric diatom Skeletonema costatum is presented. Methods: Immunolabeling of NR protein was achieved with polyclonal antibodies raised against S. costatum NR. Antisera specific to a NR protein subunit and to a NR polypeptide sequence were compared and cytometric results of NR protein abundance were related to Western analyses. Changes in cellular NR abundance and activity were followed during an upwelling simulation experiment in which S. costatum was exposed to a shift from ammonia to nitrate as major nitrogen source. Results: NR protein could be detected in NO 3-grown cells and at extremely low levels hardly discernible by Western Blot densiometry in NH 4-grown cells. The protocol allowed observation of early stages of NR induction during an upwelling simulation. NR abundance increased after the nutrient shift to reach a new physiological 'steady- state' 96 hrs later. NR activity exhibited diel variation with maxima at mid- day. NR abundance as estimated by both flow cytometry and Western analysis exhibited a hyperbolic relationship to NR activity. This pattern suggests post-translational activation of NR protein. Conclusions: The presented protocol allows the differentiation of NH 4- versus NO 3-grown algae as well as the monitoring of early stages in the induction of nitrate assimilatory capacities. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
JournalCytometry
Date2000
Volume39
Issue3
Start page173
End page178
ISSN01964763
Subjectsnitrate reductase, polyclonal antibody, article, cell growth, cytometry, enzyme activity, immunoblotting, marine environment, nonhuman, photosynthesis, phytoplankton, priority journal, Diatoms, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Kinetics, Nitrate Reductases, Seawater, algae, Bacillariophyta, Coscinodiscophyceae, Nitzschia alba, Skeletonema costatum
NoteCited By (since 1996):8 Seaweeds, CODEN: CYTOD

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