Distribution and near-bottom transport of larvae and other plankton at hydrothermal vents

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Kim, S. L., & Mullineaux, L. S. (1998). Distribution and near-bottom transport of larvae and other plankton at hydrothermal vents. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 45(1), 423-440. doi:10.1016/S0967-0645(97)00042-8
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TitleDistribution and near-bottom transport of larvae and other plankton at hydrothermal vents
AuthorsS. Kim, L. Mullineaux
AbstractDistributions of larvae of benthic invertebrates and other planktonic organisms (holoplankton) were determined near hydrothermal vents along the East Pacific Rise (9°50'N) and combined with current meter records to estimate the extent and direction of transport in near-bottom flows. Diurnal tidal currents were strong enough to transport larvae substantial distances (up to 2 km) across the ridge axis during a single 12-h excursion. Potential longer-term transport in mean flows, however, appeared to be relatively slow (typically less than 1 km d-1). The proportion of larvae dispersing in near-bottom flows, as opposed to becoming entrained into the buoyant plume (and transported up out of the near-bottom environment) was estimated for a range of vent community sizes and black-smoker buoyancy fluxes, using a buoyant-plume entrainment model. These estimates suggested that larvae were most often transported in near-bottom currents, but that plume-level dispersal dominated for short periods of the tidal cycle (0.5-3 h) when the currents were slower than 1-2 cm s-1. The plume exit temperature also affects entrainment rate, so the proportion of larvae in each transport pathway (near-bottom flows and buoyant plumes) should vary substantially among vent habitats surrounding different temperature vents. The presence of certain holoplankton groups in diffuse vent flows, and their elevated abundances within the axial ridge valley, raises the possibility that these groups may be specifically associated with vent habitats.
JournalDeep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
Date1998
Volume45
Issue1-3
Start page423
End page440
ISSN0967-0645
NoteCited By (since 1996):38, Invertebrates, CODEN: DSROE

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