Burrow environment and coelomic fluid characteristics of the echiuran worm Urechis caupo from populations at three sites in northern California

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Arp, A. J., Hansen, B. M., & Julian, D. (1992). Burrow environment and coelomic fluid characteristics of the echiuran worm Urechis caupo from populations at three sites in northern California. Marine Biology, 113(4), 613-623. doi:10.1007/BF00349705
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TitleBurrow environment and coelomic fluid characteristics of the echiuran worm Urechis caupo from populations at three sites in northern California
AuthorsA. Arp, B. Hansen, D. Julian
AbstractThe burrow microhabitat and physiology of the echiuran worm Urechis caupo at a high-density site (Elkhorn Slough, California, USA), were investigated from 1987 to 1990 to determine physical and chemical conditions, worm density and distribution, and coelomic fluid characteristics such as heme composition, pO2, pH, and coelomocyte volume. During tidal exposure, worm burrows at this site exhibited, on average, 52% air-saturated water, 11μM burrow-water sulfide, 85 μg/mg wet weight sediment sulfide, and salinity and osmolalities similar to those of seawater. These conditions are compared to those of another California site, Bodega Bay, which had slightly lower oxygen concentrations, but higher water and sediment-sulfide levels. A more limited comparison to a third site, Princeton Harbor, California, is included. Worms from Bodega Bay, the higher sulfide site, had greater concentrations of hematin, a non-globin heme compound contained in the coelomocytes, and exhibited a greater tolerance to sulfide in the laboratory. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that hematin is a sulfide-detoxifying agent that may enhance survival of U. caupo in the sulfide-rich mudflat environment. © 1992 Springer-Verlag.
JournalMarine Biology
Date1992
Volume113
Issue4
Start page613
End page623
ISSN0025-3162
Subjectsburrow microhabitat, chemical conditions, coelomic fluid, echioran, physical conditions, USA, California, Elkhorn Slough, Urechis caupo
NoteCited By (since 1996):22, Invertebrates, CODEN: MBIOA

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