Vertical distributions and relations of euphausiid populations off Elephant Island, March 1984

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Loeb, V. J., & Shulenberger, E. (1987). Vertical distributions and relations of euphausiid populations off Elephant Island, March 1984. Polar Biology, 7(6), 363-373. doi:10.1007/BF00293226
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TitleVertical distributions and relations of euphausiid populations off Elephant Island, March 1984
AuthorsJ. Loeb, E. Shulenberger
AbstractDistributional relationships are described for post-larval and larval Euphausia superba and Thysanoessa sp. (probably macrura) and post-larval Euphausia frigida collected in 0-70/80 m and 0-175/200 m depth ranges with a MOCNESS sampler north of Elephant Island (61°S, 55°W) during 17-23 March 1984. Larval E. superba (predominantly calyptopes stage 2 and 3) were rare shallower than 80 m at night. Day catches of post-larval E. suberba were small and night catches were primarily near the top of the thermocline above 50 m depth. Thysanoessa sp. occurred throughout the 0-200 m depth range and was abundant in the upper 80 m both night and day. E. frigida migrated to the upper 80 m at night from deeper day depths. Larval stages of E. superba and bost-larval stages of all three species demonstrated independent and variable vertical distribution patterns both night and day. Changes in E. superba abundance and distributional patterns could to a certain extent be associated with observed environmental changes. An increase in larval and decrease in post-larval E. superba abundances between 0-80 m was associated with an intrusion of cold water at depth. At night, vertically restricted concentrations of post-larval E. superba were associated with shallow mixed layer depths, and a significant vertical separation of developmental stages and size categories was observed only during periods of stratification in the upper 80 m. Fluctuations in the distribution and abundance of Thysanoessa sp. and distribution of E. frigida did not appear to be influenced by physical parameters within the upper 80 m. Within the 0-80 m depth range, the distributions of these two species differed from each other and from E. superba and showed large tow to tow variability that could not be related to physical parameters in the upper water column. © 1987 Springer-Verlag.
JournalPolar Biology
Date1987
Volume7
Issue6
Start page363
End page373
ISSN07224060
NoteCited By (since 1996):8, CODEN: POBID

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