Dynamics of vibrio with virulence genes detected in Pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina richardii) off California: Implications for marine mammal health

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Hughes, S. N., Greig, D. J., Miller, W. A., Byrne, B. A., Gulland, F. M. D., & Harvey, J. T. (2013). Dynamics of vibrio with virulence genes detected in Pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina richardii) off California: Implications for marine mammal health. Microbial Ecology, 65(4), 982-994. doi:10.1007/s00248-013-0188-1
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TitleDynamics of vibrio with virulence genes detected in Pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina richardii) off California: Implications for marine mammal health
AuthorsS. Hughes, D. Greig, W. Miller, B. Byrne, F. Gulland, J. Harvey
AbstractGiven their coastal site fidelity and opportunistic foraging behavior, harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) may serve as sentinels for coastal ecosystem health. Seals using urbanized coastal habitat can acquire enteric bacteria, including Vibrio that may affect their health. To understand Vibrio dynamics in seals, demographic and environmental factors were tested for predicting potentially virulent Vibrio in free-ranging and stranded Pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina richardii) off California. Vibrio prevalence did not vary with season and was greater in free-ranging seals (29 %, n = 319) compared with stranded seals (17 %, n = 189). Of the factors tested, location, turbidity, and/or salinity best predicted Vibrio prevalence in free-ranging seals. The relationship of environmental factors with Vibrio prevalence differed by location and may be related to oceanographic or terrestrial contributions to water quality. Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio alginolyticus, and Vibrio cholerae were observed in seals, with V. cholerae found almost exclusively in stranded pups and yearlings. Additionally, virulence genes (trh and tdh) were detected in V. parahaemolyticus isolates. Vibrio cholerae isolates lacked targeted virulence genes, but were hemolytic. Three out of four stranded pups with V. parahaemolyticus (trh+ and/or tdh+) died in rehabilitation, but the role of Vibrio in causing mortality is unclear, and Vibrio expression of virulence genes should be investigated. Considering that humans share the environment and food resources with seals, potentially virulent Vibrio observed in seals also may be of concern to human health. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
JournalMicrobial Ecology
Date2013
Volume65
Issue4
Start page982
End page994
ISSN0095-3628
SubjectsEnterobacteriaceae, Mammalia, Phoca, Phoca vitulina, Phoca vitulina richardii, Vibrio, Vibrio alginolyticus, Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio parahaemolyticus
NoteMarine Mammals, Birds & Turtles Harbor Seals, CODEN: MCBEB

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