Hydrothermal vent community zonation along environmental gradients at the Lau back-arc spreading center

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Kim, S., & Hammerstrom, K. (2012). Hydrothermal vent community zonation along environmental gradients at the Lau back-arc spreading center. Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 62, 10-19. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2011.12.010
Metadata
TitleHydrothermal vent community zonation along environmental gradients at the Lau back-arc spreading center
AuthorsS. Kim, K. Hammerstrom
AbstractThe Lau back-arc spreading center exhibits gradients in hydrothermal vent habitat characteristics from north to south. Biological zonation within a few meters of vents has been described as temperature driven. We constructed georeferenced photomosaics of the seafloor out to tens of meters beyond vents to describe peripheral zonation and explore correlations between environmental conditions and the biological community. Cluster analysis separated northern sites from southern sites, corresponding to a break in substrate from basalt in the north to andesite in the south. Northern sites were dominated by anemones, and southern by sponges. A previous suggestion that dominants may be dependent on friability of the substrate was not supported; when visually distinguishable, individual species within taxa showed different patterns. Northern sites hosted proportionally more suspension feeding species. Sulfide that can support microbial food sources is at higher concentrations at these sites, though bathymetry that may enhance bottom currents is less rugged. Northern sites had higher diversity that may result from the overall northwards flow, which would generally permit easier dispersal downcurrent, though we observed no difference in dispersal strategies at different sites.
JournalDeep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers
Date2012
Start page10
End page19
ISSN09670637
SubjectsBack-arc, Biological community, Bottom current, Community ecology, Environmental conditions, Environmental gradient, Environmental parameters, Food sources, Hydrothermal vent, Sea floor, Suspension feeding, Zonation, Cluster analysis, Hot springs, backarc basin, basalt, bathymetric survey, dispersal, marine ecosystem, seafloor, substrate, sulfide, Lau Basin, Pacific Ocean, Actiniaria, Anemone
NoteCited By (since 1996):1, CODEN: DRORE

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