Permeability-porosity relationships of subduction zone sediments

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Gamage, K., Screaton, E., Bekins, B., & Aiello, I. W. (2011). Permeability-porosity relationships of subduction zone sediments. Marine Geology, 279(1), 19-36. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2010.10.010
TitlePermeability-porosity relationships of subduction zone sediments
AuthorsK. Gamage, E. Screaton, B. Bekins, I. Aiello
AbstractPermeability-porosity relationships for sediments from the northern Barbados, Costa Rica, Nankai, and Peru subduction zones were examined based on sediment type, grain size distribution, and general mechanical and chemical compaction history. Greater correlation was observed between permeability and porosity in siliciclastic sediments, diatom oozes, and nannofossil chalks than in nannofossil oozes. For siliciclastic sediments, grouping of sediments by percentage of clay-sized material yields relationships that are generally consistent with results from other marine settings and suggests decreasing permeability as percentage of clay-sized material increases. Correction of measured porosities for smectite content improved the correlation of permeability-porosity relationships for siliciclastic sediments and diatom oozes. The relationship between permeability and porosity for diatom oozes is very similar to the relationship in siliciclastic sediments, and permeabilities of both sediment types are related to the amount of clay-size particles. In contrast, nannofossil oozes have higher permeability values by 1.5 orders of magnitude than siliciclastic sediments of the same porosity and show poor correlation between permeability and porosity. More indurated calcareous sediments, nannofossil chalks, overlap siliciclastic permeabilities at the lower end of their measured permeability range, suggesting similar consolidation patterns at depth. Thus, the lack of correlation between permeability and porosity for nannofossil oozes is likely related to variations in mechanical and chemical compaction at shallow depths. This study provides the foundation for a much-needed global database with fundamental properties that relate to permeability in marine settings. Further progress in delineating controls on permeability requires additional carefully documented permeability measurements on well-characterized samples. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
JournalMarine Geology
Start page19
End page36
SubjectsGrain size, Marine sediments, Permeability, Smectites, Subduction zones, Clay minerals, Compaction, Grain size and shape, Porosity, Sedimentology, Sediments, Submarine geology, Mechanical permeability, chalk, compacted sediment, diatom, marine sediment, nanofossil, silicate, size distribution, smectite, subduction zone, Barbados, China, Costa Rica, Nankai, Peru, Tianjin, Bacillariophyta
NoteCited By (since 1996):10, CODEN: MAGEA