Resurrection and redescription of Squalus suckleyi (Girard, 1854) from the North Pacific, with comments on the Squalus acanthias subgroup (Squaliformes: Squalidae)

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Ebert, D. A., White, W. T., Goldman, K. J., Compagno, L. J. V., Daly-Engel, T. S., & Ward, R. D. (2010). Resurrection and redescription of Squalus suckleyi (Girard, 1854) from the North Pacific, with comments on the Squalus acanthias subgroup (Squaliformes: Squalidae). Zootaxa, (2612), 22-40.
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TitleResurrection and redescription of Squalus suckleyi (Girard, 1854) from the North Pacific, with comments on the Squalus acanthias subgroup (Squaliformes: Squalidae)
AuthorsA. Ebert, T. White, J. Goldman, V. Compagno, S. Daly-Engel, D. Ward
AbstractA taxonomie re-evaluation of the status of the North Pacific Squalus suckleyi (Girard, 1854) combining the use of meristie, morphological and molecular data reveal this species to be clearly distinct from the widespread Squalus acanthias (Linneaus, 1758). Differences in the external morphology between S. acanthias and S. suckleyi are subtle and are likely to be masked by intraspecific variation within individuals. However, we found S. suckleyi to differ from S.acanthias based on the following morphological and meristic characteristics: a short, broadly-rounded to acute snout;first dorsal-fin midpoint more posterior to pectoral-fin insertion; pelvic-fin origin closer to second dorsal fin than first dorsal fin; total vertebral counts average 99 (97-106). Molecular analysis of approximately 650 bp of the CO1 mitochondrial gene (DNA barcode region) showed separation of S. suckleyi and S. acanthias into two distinct genetic clades with 98% bootstrap support. Within species genetic diversities were 0.109±0.036% and 0.176±0.041% for S.suckleyi and S. acanthias respectively; between species diversity was 5- 6 fold greater at 0.765+0.307%. Squalussuckleyi is thus resurrected and a neotype for this endemic North Pacific Squalus species is designated. Copyright © 2010 Magnolia Press.
JournalZootaxa
Date2010
Issue2612
Start page22
End page40
ISSN11755326
SubjectsSqualidae, Squaliformes, Squalus, Squalus acanthias, Suckleyi
NoteCited By (since 1996):20

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