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- Preface: Feeding ecology of elasmobranchs
- Elasmobranchs are apical predators in most marine communities where they occur, often playing a substantial role in the food web dynamics of those communities. However, despite their high trophic status they are often poorly studied compared to most commercially important teleosts. Furthermore, despite efforts towards ecosystem-based management, elasmobranchs are still often lumped into generic categories referred to as "shark" or "skate" unclassified, with limited effort to identify individual species. The role of elasmobranchs in ecosystems has never been more important to our understanding of marine ecology due to high levels of exploitation of many species. Similar to other high trophic level predators, many elasmobranchs have life-history characteristics that make them vulnerable to over-exploitation. Elasmobranch populations are now heavily targeted in many fisheries throughout the world. Increasing exploitation of this group is especially alarming because their feeding ecology is poorly studied and by extension their influence in shaping ecosystems. Given recent increased attention on elasmobranchs in the scientific literature, management and conservation circles, and the general news media, researchers over the past decade have begun to more closely examine the ecological role of this important taxon of fishes. Due to this increasing awareness, and the development of new and innovative methods and analytical techniques, it prompted us to organize an international symposium on the "Feeding Ecology of Elasmobranchs". The symposium was held on 10 July 2010, in conjunction with the 27 th annual meeting of the American Elasmobranch Society meetings in Providence, Rhode Island. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
- Ebert, McElroy, White
- New record and range extension of the Deepsea Skate, Bathyraja abyssicola (Chondrichthyes: Arhynchobatidae), in the Galapagos Islands
- Skates are a diverse group within the chondrichthyans and comprise a large component of the bycatch in many demersal fisheries. The distribution of the Deepsea Skate, Bathyraja abyssicola, is presently known to be limited to the northern temperate Pacific Ocean. We filmed B. abyssicola from a remote operated vehicle during surveys undertaken on a seamount located north of Darwin Island within the Galapagos Marine Reserve in 2015. This sighting represents the first record of B. abyssicola in the Galapagos Marine Reserve and the first record of the species from anywhere in the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean. The large range extension of this species to tropical low-latitude waters of the Pacific Ocean is a critical contribution to conservation biology of this poorly known species, especially since deepwater skates and rays are generally over-exploited. This new record also highlights our limited knowledge of unique deepwater ecosystems in general and those of the Galapagos Islands in particular.
- Cerutti-Pereyra, Yánez, Ebert, Arnés-Urgellés, Salinas-de-León
- Squalus bassi sp. nov., a new long‐snouted spurdog (Chondrichthyes Squaliformes: Squalidae) from the Agulhas Bank
- The long-snouted African spurdog Squalus bassi sp. nov. is described based on material collected from the outer shelf and upper continental slope off South Africa and Mozambique. Squalus bassi shares with S. mitsukurii, S. montalbani, S. chloroculus, S. grahami, S. griffini, S. edmundsi, S. quasimodo and S. lobularis a large snout with prenarial length greater than distance between nostrils and upper labial furrows, dermal denticles tricuspidate and rhomboid and elevated number of vertebrae. Squalus bassi can be distinguished from all its congeners by a combination of body and fin colouration, external morphometrics, vertebral counts and shape of dermal denticles. Similar long-snouted congeners from the Indo-Pacific region, including S. montalbani, S. edmundsi and S. lalannei are compared in detail with the new species. This new species has been misidentified as the Japanese S. mitsukurii and the Mediterranean S. blainvillei due to the lack of comparative morphological analyses. The validity of the nominal species S. mitsukurii in the south-eastern Atlantic Ocean and western Indian Ocean is also clarified herein, indicating it has a more restricted geographical distribution in the North Pacific Ocean.
- de Viana, de Carvalho, Ebert